Penang Convoy
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Departure Dates:-

January 10th 1943

Work Party Name:-

Penang Convoy

Commander:-

Lt-Col. Thorpe (American)

Journey:-

Sea

From Camps:-

Changi, previous Java Parties 3, 4, 5A, 5B and 5C

To:-

Moulmein, Burma

 

Consisted of:-

British

Australian

Americans

Dutch

Total

4

383

456

1154

1993

 

Transport:-

 

Moji Maru:-

The ship carried 456 Americans, 383 Australians and 159 Dutch, all from Java via Changi, Singapore by train.

Nichimei Maru:-

The ship left Singapore carrying 965 Dutch and 1562 Japanese soldiers, plus supplies for the railway construction. Arriving at Penang.

 

Remarks:-

Java Party (Mystery Train) were entrained from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur on the 7th January 1943. Then onto Penang arriving 9th January. At Penang they embarked on the Moji Maru.

The Moji Maru and Nichimei Maru departed Penang on the 10th January in convoy S-23 escorted by an auxiliary net layer Chuko Maru and Submarine Chaser CH8.

On the 15th January Burma the convoy was attacked by B24 Liberators at the Gulf of Martaban, 50 NM south of Moulmein. The Nishimei Maru was sunk with the loss of 40 Dutch prisoners, 97 Japanese soldiers were also killed along with five gunners and crewmen. Railway supplies lost included rails, hundreds picks and shovels and a locomotive.

On the Moji Maru 25 prisoners were killed but the ship was not severely damaged and it kept afloat, circling the nearby waters for three hours to rescue all the survivors.

On reaching Thanbyuzayat this group worked in the 18-kilo, 80-kilo and 100 Kilo camps. The death rate of 24% for the group was made up of 322 Dutch, 28%, 98 Americans 22%, 54 Australians 14%.

 


 

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anbird1

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